The protection of marine waters is one of the major tasks at present. All riparian states of the North and Baltic Seas are affected by a legacy past wars: munitions, resting and corroding on the seabed. The JPI-Oceans Knowledge Hub opens up the state of knowledge from science, economy, politics and non-governmental organisations.

Management options are ranging from charting and monitoring to the removal of hazardous objects filled both with conventional and non-conventional (CBRN) warfare agents. The remediation of the seabed requires significant investments in safe habitats, free of point emitters of pollutants posing health risks to the marine flora, fauna and seafood, and safety of humans using the seas.

 Munitions in the sea in simplified language


Managing risks from Munitions in the Sea unites science, public administration and civil society. Klick “MORE INFO” to access structured information on this topic.

Mapping and evaluation

Assessing, processing, combining and analysing historical information and recent survey data are highly developed. Currently artificial intelligence, data-integrating interpretation procedures and other computer driven technologies are in focus.

Environment and toxicity

There is growing evidence that chemicals such as explosives, chemical warfare agents, and metals from marine munitions are entering the marine environment. These harmful compounds enter the food web through the digestion of marine flora and fauna.

Remediation methods

Increasing options to dispose-off dangerous munition objects in the sea is in focus here. Government agencies, science and industry evaluating hazards and developing technical procedures for low-risk disposal to protecting sensitive marine habitats.